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Table 3 Relationship between characteristics of patients and PEPPI score

From: Factors associated with self-efficacy in patients with hypertension: a cross-sectional study from Palestine

Variable Median [Q1–Q3] P valuea
Gender
 Male 20.0 [18.0–25.0] 0.035c
 Female 20.0 [17.0–23.0]
Age (year)
 Less than 65 20.0 [17.0–23.0] 0.846c
 65 or more 20.0 [16.0–25.0]
Residency
 City 21.0 [18.0–24.0] <0.010c
 Village or refugee camp 19.0 [15.0–23.0]
Employment
 Employed 20.0 [18.0–24.2] 0.054c
 Unemployed 20.0 [16.0–23.0]
BMI
 Normal weight 22.0 [17.0–24.0] 0.682c
 Overweight or obese 20.0 [17.0–24.0]
Marital status
 Married 20.0 [17.3–24.7] 0.032c
 Unmarried 19.0 [15.0–23.0]
Monthly income (NIS)b
 Low (less than 2000) 18.0 [15.0–23.0] <0.001c
 Moderate to high income (≥2000) 20.0 [18.0–24.0]
Education level
 Below university education level 20.0 [17.0–23.0] <0.001c
 University education level 22.0 [18.3–25.0]
Hypertension duration
 Less than 1 year 20.0 [18.5–22.5] 0.980d
 1–3 years 20.0 [17.0–23.3]
 4–5 years 20.0 [16.5–23.5]
 5 years or more 20.0 [17.0–24.0]
Therapy type
 Monotherapy 20.0 [18.0–24.0] 0.456c
 Multi therapy 20.0 [16.0–24.0]
Total number of chronic diseases
 1 or less 20.0 [17.0–23.0] 0.402d
 2 21.0 [17.0–25.0]
 3 or more 13.0 [11.0–27.5]
Total number of medications
 Less than 4 20.0 [17.0–23.5] 0.765c
 4 or more 20.0 [17.0–24.0]
  1. Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interaction Questionnaire (PEPPI) is range of 5 to 25; higher scores indicate that the participant has higher self-efficacy in patient-physician interactions
  2. NIS New Israeli Shekel; Q1–Q2, lower quartile and the upper quartile
  3. aP values are bold where they are less than the significance level of 0.05
  4. b1 Israeli New Shekel equals 0.29 US dollar
  5. cStatistical significance of the differences determined by the Mann-Whitney U test
  6. dStatistical significance of the differences determined by the Kruskal-Wallis test