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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents

From: Knowledge, perception, and practice related to sodium intake among Malaysian adults: findings from the Malaysian Community Salt Study (MyCoSS)

Characteristics n % (95% CI)
Age
Mean 48.81 (95% CI 47.03–50.60)
 < 35 years 232 22.0 (18.1–26.4)
 35–44 years 176 17.2 (13.5–21.6)
 45−54 years 216 20.3 (17.1–23.9)
 55–64 years 244 23.3 (19.6–27.5)
 ≥ 65 years 179 17.2 (13.8–21.3)
Sex
 Male 428 50.2 (45.6–54.7)
 Female 619 49.8 (45.3–54.4)
Ethnicity
 Malay 662 67.2 (58.1–75.2)
 Chinese 116 11.6 (7.2–18.1)
 Indian 63 9.4 (5.8–14.8)
 Indigenous people 206 11.8 (6.7–20.0)
Marital status
 Single 133 13.0 (10.1–1635)
 Married 760 75.5 (71.7–78.9)
 Separated/widowed 153 11.6 (8.9−14.9)
Education level
 Without formal education 96 5.5 (3.8–7.9)
 Primary 220 18.7 (15.1–22.9)
 Secondary 503 51.3 (47.4–55.2)
 Tertiary 228 24.5 (20.3–29.2)
Household income
Mean RM 3292.44 (95% CI 2840.57, 3744.31)
 <RM 1000 324 24.7 (20.5–29.4)
 RM 1000–1999 203 18.1 (15.1–21.6)
 RM 2000–2999 174 16.1 (12.6–20.4)
 RM 3000–3999 125 13.8 (10.4–18.1)
 ≥ RM 4000 221 27.3 (21.4–34.2)
Employment status
 Employed 317 32.2 (27.2–37.7)
 Self-employed 232 21.9 (18.1–26.2)
 Housewives 298 25.6 (21.9–29.6)
 Unemployed/students/others 200 20.3 (17.3–23.7)
24-h urinary sodium excretion
Mean 3167 mg (95% CI 2987, 3346)
 Normal (< 2000 mg) 207 21.4 (17.9–25.4)
 Excessive (≥ 2000 mg) 591 78.6 (74.6–82.1)