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Table 1 Baseline characteristic of respondents with normotensive and hypertension

From: The prevalence of hypertension among Malaysian adults and its associated risk factors: data from Malaysian Community Salt Study (MyCoSS)

Characteristic   Normotensive Hypertensive P value
   % 95% CI % 95% CI  
Overall   50.60 45.48–55.71 49.39 44.27–54.51  
Sex Male 50.42 44.74–56.10 49.95 43.77–56.13 1.00
Female 49.57 43.89–55.25 50.04 43.86–56.22  
Age, years (mean, 95% CI)   40.76 38.92–42.60 57.09 55.62–58.56 <0.001
Age group <34 38.62 32.83–44.76 4.88 3.03–7.75 <0.001
35–44 23.41 18.49–29.16 10.84 7.56–15.30  
45–54 20.40 16.04–25.59 20.20 16.31–24.73  
55–64 12.62 8.61–18.12 34.29 28.96–40.04  
>65 4.93 2.99–8.02 29.78 24.28–35.93  
Academic level None/primary 14.86 10.71–20.24 33.77 27.40–40.78 <0.001
Secondary 54.58 48.57–60.46 48.02 43.16–52.92  
Tertiary 30.55 24.61–37.21 18.20 12.37–25.96  
Household income <RM1999 35.04 27.68–43.20 50.83 43.92–57.70 <0.001
RM2000–RM3999 30.83 24.78–37.63 28.97 23.13–35.61  
>RM4000 34.11 26.72–42.36 20.18 14.01–28.19  
Marital status Single /widowed 28.81 24.07–34.06 20.03 15.63–25.29 0.052
Married 71.18 65.93–75.92 79.96 74.70–84.36  
BMI (kg/m2), (mean, 95% CI)   25.68 25.08–26.28 27.65 26.99–28.30 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) <25 46.06 40.18–52.06 31.63 26.18–37.64 <0.001
25–30 36.93 32.08–42.06 38.34 32.14–44.92  
≥ 30 16.99 13.25–21.53 30.01 24.39–36.43  
WC, cm (mean, 95% CI)   86.63 85.20–88.06 93.88 92.43–95.32 <0.001
WC, cm       
 Men <90, Women <80 No 41.82 36.72–47.09 23.20 18.15–29.17 <0.001
 Men ≥90, Women ≥80 Yes 58.17 52.90–63.26 76.79 70.82–81.84  
Smoking status No 74.50 69.43–70.99 82.53 77.00–86.95 <0.001
Yes 25.49 21.00–30.56 17.46 13.04–22.99  
Physical activity Inactive 42.93 35.61–50.57 40.53 34.33–47.04 0.448
Active 57.06 49.42–38.59 59.46 52.95–65.66  
Diabetes No 90.81 85.42–94.34 64.44 58.36–70.09 <0.001
Yes 9.18 5.65–14.57 35.55 29.90–41.63  
Sodium intake (mg/day) < 2000 39.56 33.49–45.93 52.47 47.35–57.54 <0.001
≥ 2000 60.43 54.03–66.50 47.52 42.45–52.64