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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of very preterm infants by treatment group (n=123) followed for neurodevelopmental outcomes in Bangladesh

From: Impact of emollient therapy for preterm infants in the neonatal period on child neurodevelopment in Bangladesh: an observational cohort study

Categorical variables Number (n) (control; Aquaphor; SSO) Control (n=38) Aquaphor (n=45) Sunflower seed oil (n=40) p value
% female: % [n, standard deviation (SD)] 38; 45; 35 42.1% (16) 51.1% (23) 34.3% (12) 0.317
% Rural: % (n, SD) 38; 45; 34 36.8% (14) 51.1% (23) 14.7% (5) 0.004
% Low income (<2000 Taka/month): % (n, SD) 37; 45; 34 16.2% (6) 22.2% (10) 11.4% (4) 0.531
Maternal literacy: % (n, SD) 37; 45; 35 83.8% (31) 82.2% (37) 82.4% (28) 0.980
Paternal literacy: % (n, SD) 37; 45; 34 78.4% (29) 82.2% (37) 85.3% (29) 0.749
Antenatal history of illness: % (n, SD) 32; 38; 31 50.0% (16) 55.3% (21) 67.7% (21) 0.342
Parental consanguinity: % (n, SD) 37; 42; 33 10.8% (4) 14.3% (6) 6.1% (2) 0.520
Birth asphyxia: % (n, SD) 36; 43; 39     
 Yes   25.0% (9) 16.3% (7) 23.1% (9)  
 Suspected   16.7% (6) 14.0% (6) 10.3% (4) 0.775
Neonatal seizures: % (n) 37; 42; 32 2.7% (1) 4.8% (2) 0.0% (0) 0.457
Mean maternal age (years): mean (SD) 36; 43; 38 24.14 (4.35) 24.60 (4.96) 24.32 (4.54) 0.903å
Mean gestational age (week): mean (SD) 38; 44: 40 31.22 (1.42) 31.06 (1.52) 31.48 (1.09) 0.374
Mean birthweight (gram): mean (SD) 38; 45; 35 1318.19 (223.68) 1291.66 (230.11) 1370.03 (245.28) 0.302
Mean birth length (centimeter, cm): mean (SD) 36; 44; 40 38.06 (2.89) 37.94 (2.91) 38.80 (2.25) 0.302
Mean birth head circumference (cm): mean (SD) 36; 44; 40 26.96 (5.01) 27.34 (1.70) 27.89 (1.42) 0.407
Mean birth mid-upper-arm circumference (cm): mean (SD) 36; 44; 40 6.86 (1.38) 6.76 (1.03) 7.14 (0.78) 0.264