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Table 1 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression of factors associated with stunting among adolescent school students, Finote Selam Town, Amhara region, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and associated factors of stunting and thinness among adolescent students in Finote Selam Town, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Stunting COR, 95% CI AOR, 95% CI P value
Yes No
Age--group
Early adolescent (10–13) 12 (20.7%) 46 (79.3%) 2.75 (1.12, 6.77) 2.34 (0.81, 6.78)  
Mid-adolescent (14–16) 20 (11.8%) 150 (88.2%) 1.75 (0.85, 3.62) 2.01(0.87, 4.61)  
Late adolescent (17–19) 13 (7.8%) 156 (86.7%) 1 1  
Sex
Female 31 (20.5%) 120 (79.5%) 1 1  
Male 66 (26.8%) 180(73.2%) 2.67 (1.41, 7.58) 2.27 (1.32, 8.13)* 0.031
Grade
Grade 5–6 17 (15.5%) 93 (84.5%) 1.96 (0.62, 6.14) 1.17 (0.39, 3.54)  
Grade 7–8 23 (18.7%) 100 (81.3%) 1.63 (0.57, 4.68) 1.56 (0.44, 5.51)  
Grade 9–10 12 (11.4%) 93 (88.6%) 0.70 (0.21, 2.36) 0.68 (0.21, 2.28)  
Grade 11–12 11 (18.6%) 48 (81.4%) 1 1  
Religion
Muslim 15 (37.5%) 25 (62.5%) 1 1  
Orthodox 62 (17.4%) 295 (82.6%) 2.10 (0.66, 6.65) 2.54 (0.72, 8.94)  
Place of residence
Urban 36 (18.3%) 161 (81.7%) 1 1  
Rural 56 (28.0%) 144 (72.0%) 2.41 (1.21, 4.80) 2.38 (1.09, 5.18)* 0.046
Father's education
Illiterate 16 (18.0%) 73 (82.0%) 3.19 (0.30, 3.66) 1.84 (0.61, 5.55)  
Read and write 16 (16.0%) 84 (84.0%) 1.59 (0.53, 4.77) 1.48 (0.16, 13.79)  
Primary school (1–8) 10 (20.0%) 40 (80.0%) 1.47 (0.40, 5.46) 1.31 (0.20, 8.41)  
Secondary school (9–12) 12 (13.0%) 80 (87.0%) 1.35 (0.21, 8.83) 1.12 (0.35, 3.60)  
College and above 9 (13.6%) 57 (86.4%) 1 1  
Mother's education
Illiterate 16 (16.8%) 79 (83.2%) 1.95 (0.22, 17.05) 1.50 (0.50, 4.54)  
Read and write 17 (16.0%) 89 (84.0%) 1.88 (0.23, 15.56) 1.44 (0.48, 4.28)  
Primary school (1–8) 9 (19.1%) 38 (80.9%) 1.84 (0.18, 18.91) 1.11 (0.28, 4.43)  
Secondary school (9–12) 12 (13.5%) 77 (86.5%) 1.79 (0.19, 17.07) 1.03 (0.32, 3.34)  
College and above 9 (15.0%) 51 (85.0) 1 1  
Father's occupation
Daily laborer 13 (19.7%) 53 (80.3%) 1.35 (0.43, 4.27) 1.23 (0.46, 3.22)  
Merchant 19 (15.7%) 102 (84.3%) 1.21 (0.53, 2.76) 1.13 (0.31, 4.05)  
Farmer 14 (16.1%) 73 (83.9%) 1.11 (0.45, 2.79) 1.10 (0.36, 3.45)  
Governmental/NGO
employee
17 (13.8%) 106 (86.2%) 1 1  
Mother’s occupation
Daily laborer 6 (46.2%) 7 (53.8%) 6.57 (0.93, 46.23) 8.16 (0.85, 78.30)  
House wife 19 (23.0%) 68 (77.0%) 2.16 (0.82, 5.68) 2.48 (0.85, 7.27)  
Farmer 17 (15.9%) 90 (84.1%) 1.49 (0.56, 3.94) 1.84 (0.54, 6.30)  
Merchant 10 (9.4%) 96 (90.6%) 0.64 (0.21, 1.99) 0.67 (0.19, 2.30)  
Governmental/NGO
employee
11 (13.1%) 73 (86.9%) 1 1  
Family size
 < 5 30 (16.4%) 153 (83.6%) 1 1  
 ≥ 5 56 (26.2%) 158 (73.8%) 1.38 (0.65, 2.92) 1.01 (0.53, 1.93)  
Family monthly income
 < $28.37 29 (32.6%) 60 (67.4%) 4.07(1.92, 8.64) 2.61 (1.04, 6.50)* 0.044
$28.37 -$56.74 20 (18.3%) 89 (81.7%) 1.28 (0.53, 3.07) 1.23 (0.45, 3.38)  
 > $56.74 25 (12.6%) 174 (87.4%) 1 1  
Dietary diversity
 < 4 44 (15.5%) 239 (84.5%) 4.07(1.92, 8.64) 2.61 (1.04, 6.50)* 0.021
 ≥ 4 19 (16.7%) 95 (83.3%) 1 1  
Source of drinking water
Spring water 10 (30.3%) 23 (69.7%) 2.25 (0.59, 8.55) 2.63 (0.59, 11.65)  
Well water 27 (15.1%) 152 (84.9%) 1.52 (0.62, 3.72) 2.12 (0.67, 6.67)  
Public tap water 14 (14.4%) 83 (85.6%) 1.17 (0.41, 3.31) 1.21 (0.38, 3.83)  
Tap water 12 (13.6%) 76 (86.4%) 1 1  
Presence of functional latrine
Yes 36 (14.5%) 213 (85.5%) 1 1  
No 27 (18.2%) 121 (81.8%) 1.13 (0.58, 2.19) 1.08 (0.55, 2.15)  
Frequency of meals eaten per day
Two times 29 (23.4%) 95 (76.6%) 2.02 (1.04, 3.91) 1.89 (0.94, 3.81)  
Three times and above 34 (12.5%) 239 (87.5%) 1 1  
Illness reported in the last one month
Yes 26 (19.7%) 106 (80.3%) 1.26 (0.64, 2.48) 1.18 (0.59, 2.39)  
No 37 (14.0%) 228 (86.0%) 1 1  
Availability of home garden
Yes 38 (18.5%) 167 (81.5%) 1 1  
No 39 (20.3%) 153 (79.7%) 1.41 (1.00, 1.97) 1.06 (0.70, 1.61)  
  1. AOR: adjusted odds ratio; COR: crude odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; * significant P value < 0.05; 1 = reference