Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression of factors associated with thinness among adolescent school students, Finote Selam Town, Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and associated factors of stunting and thinness among adolescent students in Finote Selam Town, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Thinness COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) P value
Yes No
Age-group
Early adolescent (10–13) 17 (36.2%) 30 (63.8%) 5.14 (2.39, 11.08)* 4.81 (1.23, 18.51)* 0.034
Mid-adolescent (14–16) 24 (15.9%) 127 (84.1%) 1.90 (0.99, 3.64) 1.68 (0.57, 4.93)  
Late adolescent (17–19) 18 (9.0%) 181 (91.0%) 1 1  
Sex
Female 4 (2.7%) 144 (97.3%) 1 1  
Male 55 (22.1%) 194 (77.9%) 2.68 (1.88, 3.84) 2.13 (1.60, 3.40)* 0.037
Grade
Grade 5–6 23 (21.3%) 85 (78.7%) 2.57 (0.91, 7.24) 1.77 (0.40, 7.87)  
Grade 7–8 22 (16.7%) 110 (83.3%) 2.08 (0.74, 5.86) 1.33 (0.22, 8.19)  
Grade 9–10 10 (8.6%) 106 (91.4%) 1.01 (0.32, 3.15) 1.06 (0.20, 5.58)  
Grade 11–12 4 (9.8%) 37 (90.2%) 1 1  
Religion
Muslim 1 (4.5%) 21 (95.5%) 1   
Orthodox 58 (15.5%) 317 (84.5%) 3.82 (0.50, 29.18) 3.90 (0.19, 81.94)  
Place of residence
Urban 18 (9.2%) 177 (90.8%) 1 1  
Rural 41 (20.3%) 161 (79.7%) 2.44 (1.35, 4.40)* 2.16 (0.96, 4.87)  
Father’s education
Illiterate 15 (15.8%) 80 (84.2%) 2.79 (0.92, 8.45) 4.06 (0.23, 71.76)  
Read and write 17 (16.8%) 84 (83.2%) 1.97 (0.71, 5.43) 2.73 (0.31, 24, 29)  
Primary school (1–8) 10 (24.4%) 31 (75.6%) 1.96 (0.73, 5.32) 2.36 (0.26, 21.41)  
Secondary school (9–12) 11 (12.0%) 81 (88.0%) 1.44 (0.51, 4.10) 0.80 (0.5, 12.90)  
College and above 6 (8.8%) 62 (91.2%) 1 1  
Mother’s education
Illiterate 17 (16.7%) 85 (83.3%) 2.38 (0.77, 7.39) 1.78 (0.86, 3.65)  
Read and write 16 (14.7%) 93 (85.3%) 1.86 (0.68, 5.07) 1.40 (0.83, 2.34)  
Primary school (1–8) 9 (26.5%) 25 (73.5%) 1.50 (0.55, 4.09) 1.29 (0.61, 2.71)  
Secondary school (9–12) 11 (12.4%) 78 (87.6%) 1.33(0.47, 3.81) 1.15 (0.66, 1.97)  
College and above 6 (9.5%) 57 (90.5%) 1 1  
Father’s occupation
Daily laborer 8 (14.0%) 49 (86.0%) 1.20 (0.47, 3.07) 1.1 (0.55, 21)  
Farmer 26 (21.8%) 93 (78.2%) 2.27 (1.12, 4.61)* 1.55 (0.45, 5.29)  
Merchant 11 (12.9%) 74 (87.1%) 1.18 (0.50, 2.75%) 1.52 (0.55, 4.26)  
Governmental/NGO
employee
14 (10.3%) 122 (89.7%) 1 1  
Mother’s occupation
Daily laborer 1 (20.0%) 4 (80.0%) 1.86 (0.19, 18.55) 2.10 (0.11, 38.74)  
Farmer 21 (24.4%) 65 (75.6%) 2.74 (1.16, 6.46)* 2.16 (0.62, 7.51)  
House wife 15 (12.6%) 104 (87.4%) 1.33 (0.55, 3.23) 2.46 (0.58, 10.47)  
Merchant 13 (12.1%) 94 (87.9%) 1.24 (0.51, 3.04) 1.52 (0.43, 5.36)  
Governmental/NGO employee 9 (11.2%) 71 (88.8%) 1 1  
Family size
 < 5 17 (9.8%) 156 (90.2%) 1 1  
 ≥ 5 42 (18.8%) 182 (81.2%) 2.43 (1.32, 4.45)* 1.90 (0.80, 4.51)  
Dietary diversity
 < 4 44 (15.5.9%) 240 (84.5%) 1.36 (0.71, 2.61) 1.15 (0.67, 1.97)  
 ≥ 4 18 (15.9%) 95 (84.1%) 1 1  
Family monthly income
 < $28.37 29 (37.7%) 48 (62.3%) 6.10 (3.09, 12.04)* 11.54 (3.82, 34.89)* 0.016
$28.37 -$56.74 14 (13.1%) 93 (86.9%) 1.71 (0.80, 3.64) 3.47 (1.15, 10.45)* 0.021
 > $56.74 16 (7.5%) 197 (92.5%) 1 1  
Source of drinking water
Well water 39 (21.3%) 144 (78.7%) 4.53 (1.71, 11.98) 3.82 (1.46, 10.04)* 0.045
Spring water 13 (12.3%) 93 (87.7%) 3.37 (0.88, 12.89) 2.56 (0.87, 7.56)  
Public tap water 2 (7.7%) 24 (92.3%) 1.88 (0.23, 15.49) 1.46 (0.26, 8.09)  
Tap water 5 (6.1%) 77 (93.9%) 1 1  
Presence of functional latrine
Yes 38 (14.8%) 219 (85.2%) 1 1  
No 21 (15.0%) 119 (85.5%) 1.08 (0.49, 2.38) 1.05 (0.59, 1.87)  
Frequency of meals eaten per day
Two times 19 (16.0%) 100 (84.0%) 1.17 (0.64, 2.13) 1.01 (0.53, 1.91)  
Three times and above 40 (14.4%) 238 (85.6%) 1 1  
Illness reported in the last one month
Yes 19 (14.5%) 112 (85.5%) 1.06 (0.57, 1.96) 1.03 (0.57, 1.87)  
No 40 (15.0%) 226 (85.0%) 1 1  
Availability of home garden
Yes 50 (17.4%) 238 (82.6%) 1 1  
No 9 (8.3%) 100 (91.7%) 1.60 (1.01, 2.54) 1.15 (0.66, 1.99)  
  1. AOR: adjusted odds ratio; COR: crude odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; * significant P value < 0.05; 1 = reference