Skip to main content

Table 3 Mixed effect logistic regression model for investigating the effects of ANC on subsequent use of health service utilization, Ethiopia

From: Inequalities in adherence to the continuum of maternal and child health service utilization in Ethiopia: multilevel analysis

  Model 1
ANC
Model 2
Place of delivery
Model 3
Postnatal care
  AOR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Random effect only model: EAs 2.550 (2.135–3.044) 6.199 (5.257–7.310) 2.011 (1.673–2.416)
Fixed effects
Birth order
FirstRC    
Second and above 0.794 (0.663–0.951) 0.552 (0.447–0.683) 1.080 (0.886–1.315)
Age of the mother
15–24RC    
25–34 1.363 (1.143–1.625) 0.972 (0.791–1.193) 1.197 (0.980–1.462)
34+ 1.315 (1.036–1.670) 0.990 (0.749–1.309) 1.370 (1.042–1.802)
Residence
RuralRC    
Urban 1.204 (0.863–1.680) 2.363 (1.589–3.513) 0.974 (0.713–1.330)
Education of mother
No educationRC    
Primary level 1.433 (1.233–1.666) 1.498 (1.267–1.772) 1.084 (0.901–1.303)
Secondary and higher 2.048 (1.61–2.603) 2.820 (2.088–3.809) 1.275 (0.989–1.644)
Education of father
No educationRC    
Primary 1.292 (1.122–1.489) 1.207 (1.028–1.417) 1.014 (0.852–1.207)
Secondary and higher 1.427 (1.176–1.733) 1.731 (1.378–2.176) 1.102 (0.892–1.360)
Parity
0–3RC    
4–6 0.941 (0.798–1.110) 0.823 (0.680–0.995) 0.979 (0.801–1.196)
7 and above 0.809 (0.643–1.019) 0.910 (0.699–1.184) 0.837 (0.629–1.114)
Ever termination of pregnancy
NoRC    
Yes 1.161 (0.943–1.430) 1.187 (0.933–1.511) 1.160 (0.914–1.472)
Autonomy
YesRC    
No 1.030 (0.899–1.180) 0.926 (0.791–1.084) 1.017 (0.870–1.189)
Wealth index
PoorestRC    
Middle 1.158 (0.963–1.393) 1.046 (0.854–1.281) 1.395 (1.101–1.769)
Richer 1.400 (1.155–1.697) 1.121 (0.905–1.388) 1.363 (1.064–1.745)
IPV
High violenceRC    
Mild violence 0.864 (0.749–0.996) _ 0.957 (0.813–1.125) 1.096 (0.924–1.300)
No or low violence 0.997 (0.844–1.176) 0.899 (0.744–1.088) 0.968 (0.786–1.191)
Access to radio
NoRC    
Yes 1.374 (1.193–1.584) 1.043 (0.881–1.235) 1.609 (1.374–1.883)
Mean wealth for community 1.412 (1.249–1.596) 1.615 (1.401–1.862) 1.029 (0.906–1.170)
Mean maternal education at the community 1.025 (0.970–1.084) 1.125 (1.053–1.202) 1.008 (0.957–1.061)
ANC service use
 < 4 timesRC    
 > 4 times   2.892 (2.503–3.343) 1.490 (1.278–1.736)
Place of delivery
HomeRC    
Institutions    9.252 (7.691–11.128)
Random effect coefficient 0.839 (.664–1.062) 1.321 (1.052–1.659) 0.358 (0.238–0.542)
AIC
Number of groups = 588
6724.66 5347.40 4811.56
  1. RC Reference category