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Table 3 Group means for the LBC items based on child weight status (n = 213)

From: Assessing parents’ self-efficacy to handle child obesity-related behaviors: validation of the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist in Iran

  Problem scale Confidence scale
Healthy weight (n = 157) Overweigh/obese (n = 56) p-value t Healthy weight (n = 157) Overweight/obese (n = 56) p-value t
1. Eats too quickly 1.77 ± 1.22 2.80 ± 1.63  < 0.001*  − 4.40 6.65 ± 2.47 6.88 ± 2.44 0.55  − 0.65
2. Eats too much food 2.04 ± 1.48 3.16 ± 1.61  < 0.001*  − 5.01 6.49 ± 2.67 6.52 ± 2.58 0.97  − 0.11
3. Eats unhealthy snacks 2.71 ± 1.63 2.64 ± 1.56 0.93  − 0.07 6.93 ± 2.65 7.45 ± 2.61 0.18  − 1.26
4. Whines about food 3.19 ± 1.80 2.73 ± 1.92 0.044* 1.64 6.74 ± 2.46 6.89 ± 2.61 0.52  − 0.47
5. Yells about food 1.99 ± 1.45 1.67 ± 1.29 0.15 1.27 7.51 ± 2.30 7.66 ± 2.44 0.43  − 0.57
6. Throws a tantrum about food 2.48 ± 1.63 1.89 ± 1.88 0.003* 2.20 6.98 ± 2.47 7.32 ± 2.67 0.19  − 0.97
7. Refuses to eat certain foods (i.e., fussy eating) 3.12 ± 1.86 2.53 ± 1.63 0.005* 2.39 6.51 ± 2.60 6.77 ± 2.89 0.41  − 0.59
8. Argues about food (e.g., when you say No more) 1.91 ± 1.34 2.75 ± 1.86  < 0.001*  − 3.20 7.05 ± 2.61 6.23 ± 2.77 0.054 1.88
9. Demands extra helpings at meals 2.01 ± 1.54 2.91 ± 1.69  < 0.001*  − 3.58 7.24 ± 2.62 6.88 ± 2.69 0.30 0.85
10. Requests food continuously between meals 3.57 ± 1.87 3.60 ± 1.89 0.83 0.18 6.47 ± 2.55 6.11 ± 2.93 0.55 0.82
11. Demands food when shopping or on outings 4.03 ± 1.82 3.85 ± 1.61 0.57 0.64 6.98 ± 2.53 6.98 ± 2.49 0.97 0.01
12. Sneaks food when they know they are not supposed to 1.60 ± 1.19 1.78 ± 1.21 0.12  − 1.13 7.61 ± 2.49 7.07 ± 2.67 0.2 1.29
13. Hides food 1.40 ± 1.11 1.25 ± 0.87 0.45 1.03 7.80 ± 2.75 7.57 ± 2.84 0.62 0.43
14. Takes food (e.g., from other children’s lunchboxes) 1.21 ± 0.66 1.38 ± 1.06 0.58  − 1.09 8.34 ± 2.26 7.86 ± 2.82 0.63 0.96
15. Eats food to comfort themselves when feeling let down or depressed 1.48 ± 1.11 1.60 ± 1.63 0.08  − 0.92 7.57 ± 2.69 7.29 ± 2.51 0.33 0.57
16. Watches too much television 4.21 ± 2.04 4.09 ± 1.98 0.75 0.28 6.25 ± 2.66 6.27 ± 2.69 0.93  − 0.07
17. Spends too much time playing video or computer games 2.94 ± 2.11 2.96 ± 2.13 0.86  − 0.06 6.75 ± 2.66 6.75 ± 2.80 0.68  − 0.30
18. Complains about doing physical activity 2.49 ± 1.73 2.98 ± 2.02 0.2  − 1.63 6.96 ± 2.25 7.00 ± 2.16 0.94  − 0.16
19. Refuses to do physical activity 1.74 ± 1.26 2.29 ± 1.57 0.005*  − 2.43 7.29 ± 2.42 6.86 ± 2.65 0.32 1.04
20. Complains about being unfit or feeling low in energy 2.33 ± 1.56 2.65 ± 1.71 0.22  − 1.07 7.26 ± 2.35 6.64 ± 2.46 0.1 1.65
21. Complains about being overweight 1.13 ± 0.66 2.13 ± 1.90  < 0.001*  − 4.00 7.82 ± 2.64 7.13 ± 2.61 0.057 1.37
22. Complains about being teased 2.97 ± 2.21 3.11 ± 2.11 0.59  − 0.30 7.90 ± 2.13 7.14 ± 2.58 0.08 1.86
23. Complains about not having enough friends 2.51 ± 2.01 2.73 ± 1.99 0.22  − 0.85 7.63 ± 2.40 7.63 ± 2.20 0.76  − 0.08
24. Complains about being unattractive 1.32 ± 0.87 1.18 ± 0.61 0.47 1.14 8.09 ± 2.45 7.73 ± 2.98 0.68 0.68
25. Complains about not fitting into clothes 2.09 ± 1.73 1.98 ± 1.67 0.75 0.10 8.07 ± 2.17 7.36 ± 2.81 0.17 1.53
Total Problem scale 59.24 ± 15.22 62.85 ± 19.9 0.2  − 1.57  
Total Confidence scale   179.92 ± 43.27 175.96 ± 48.66 0.68 0.56
  1. *Statistically significant