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Table 2 Distribution of outcome variables by the rate of early childhood weight gain (0–5 years) categories

From: Rapid growth in early childhood associated with young adult overweight and obesity – evidence from a community based cohort study

Parameter Rate of growth (0–5 years) by gender
Males Females
Slow (<0–0.67) Gradual (≥ −0.67– ≤ +0.67) Rapid (> + 0.67) Gradual vs rapid Slow (<0–0.67) Gradual (≥ −0.67– ≤ +0.67) Rapid (> + 0.67) Gradual vs rapid
N Mean SD N Mean SD N Mean SD P value* N Mean SD N Mean SD N Mean SD P value*
Height at 21 years (cm) 206 176.3 7.02 411 178.8 6.5 325 179.7 6.71 0.07 236 164 6.4 446 165.2 5.91 286 166.6 6.05 0.002
Weight at 21 years (kg) 206 72.0 13.6 411 75.7 14.32 325 83.3 15.5 <0.001 236 60.3 12.5 446 65.6 14.0 286 72.8 17.5 <0.001
BMI at 21 years (kg/m2) 206 23.1 4.17 411 23.7 4.0 325 25.8 4.61 <0.001 236 22.4 4.38 446 24.0 5.06 286 26.2 6.13 <0.001
Waist circumference at 21 years (cm) 206 82.4 10.04 411 84.4 10.3 325 88.8 12.04 <0.001 235 74.7 10.35 445 77.7 11.5 285 82.3 13.75 <0.001
Waist to hip ratio (WHR) at 21 years 206 0.86 0.06 411 0.87 0.06 323 0.87 0.06 1.0 235 0.79 0.07 445 0.79 0.07 284 0.8 0.08 0.08
  1. *P-value indicates the level of significance; F test was used. Level of significance was set <0.05