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Table 2 Weight gain trend over the 8-week study period comparing women gestational diabetes mellitus receiving probiotic supplement versus placebo capsules

From: Is there a value for probiotic supplements in gestational diabetes mellitus? A randomized clinical trial

Weight gain Probiotic (n = 29) Placebo (n = 27) Mean difference (95 % CI) p value* p value**
First 2 weeks (mean ± SE) 0.83 ± 0.08 0.89 ± 0.07 −0.61 (−0.29,0.17) 0.59 0.34
Second 2 weeks (mean ± SE) 0.98 ± 0.07 0.93 ± 0.06 0.05 (−0.14,0.25) 0.60 0.69
Third 2 weeks (mean ± SE) 0.91 ± 0.06 1.00 ± 0.05 −0.09 (−0.27,0.08) 0.31 0.19
Fourth 2 weeks (mean ± SE) 0.74 ± 0.14 1.22 ± 0.11 −0.48 (−0.85,−0.10) 0.01 0.02
First 4 weeks (mean ± SE) 1.82 ± 0.12 1.82 ± 0.12 −0.008 (−0.37,0.35) 0.96 0.62
Second 4 weeks (mean ± SE) 1.65 ± 0.13 2.22 ± 0.13 −0.57 (−0.95,−0.19) 0.004 0.004
  1. * Independent samples t test
  2. **One-way ANOVA with differences in energy intake as covariate