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Table 3 Prevalence ratio for development of CVD risk factors among adolescents of a Shantytown in Lima, Peru

From: High prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Peruvian adolescents living in a peri-urban shantytown: a cross-sectional study

  Overweight/obese High blood pressure Impaired FBG
  PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Age 0.92 (0.78–1.08) 1.10 (0.94–1.29) 0.95 (0.86–1.05)
Gender 1.06 (0.67–1.67) 1.82 (1.15–2.89)*** 1.18 (0.89–1.55)
Overweight NA 1.98 (1.25–3.13)* 1.17 (0.87–1.58)
High blood pressure 1.98 (1.25–3.13)* NA 1.09 (0.81–1.48)
Anemia 1.00 (0.61–1.67) 0.44 (0.23–0.84) 1.06 (0.78–1.43)
High cholesterol 0.96 (0.61–1.53) 1.57 (0.99–2.49) *** 1.07 (0.81–1.42)
Impaired FBG 1.74 (0.94–3.22)** 1.32 (0.75–2.33) NA
Inadequate physical activity 0.98 (0.45–2.14) 0.85 (0.41–1.76) 1.18 (0.71–1.98)
Depression 0.97 (0.60–1.56) 0.64 (0.40–1.04) 0.96 (0.71–1.29)
Self-harm 0.73 (0.41–1.33) 0.48 (0.24–0.93) 0.97 (0.70–1.35)
Inadequate fruit intake 1.29 (0.81–2.04) 1.03 (0.65–1.64) 1.04 (0.78–1.37)
Inadequate vegetable intake 0.94 (0.57–1.54) 1.07 (0.66–1.72) 0.98 (0.73–1.32)
Tobacco use 0.82 (0.42–1.60) 0.69 (0.32–1.44) 1.06 (0.73–1.55)
Alcohol Use 0.99 (0.62–1.59) 0.66 (0.40–1.08) 1.03 (0.77–1.40)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001