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Table 1 Characteristics* of study population and important sex differences (weighted estimates)

From: Gender differences in hypertension awareness, antihypertensive use and blood pressure control in Bangladeshi adults: findings from a national cross-sectional survey

Characteristics Male (N = 3870) Female (N = 3955) p value
Mean age (years) 51.9 (51.5–52.4) 50.9 (50.5–51.4) 0.37
Age category
 Younger (35–55 years) 65.7 (64.0–67.4) 69.1 (67.4–70.7) <0.01
 Older (56 years or more) 34.3 (32.5–36.0) 30.9 (29.3–32.6)
Area of residence
 Rural 76.2 (74.8–77.6) 77.1 (75.7, 78.4) 0.17
 Urban 23.8 (22.4–25.2) 22.9 (21.6, 24.3)
Educational attainment
 No education or pre-school 37.8 (35.8–39.9) 58.6 (56.5–60.7) <0.001
 Primary school (1–5 years) 28.0 (26.3–29.8) 25.5 (23.8–27.2)
 Secondary or higher (≥6 years) 34.2 (32.1–36.4) 15.9 (14.3–17.7)
Wealth status
 Poorest/poorer 39.4 (37.0–41.9) 37.9 (35.5–40.4) 0.175
 Middle 19.5 (18.0–21.2) 20.1 (18.4–21.8)
 Richer/richest 41.1 (38.9–43.3) 42.0 (39.7–44.4)
Working status
 Currently working 85.8 (84.5–87.1) 11.0 (9.9–12.4) <0.001
 Not working 14.2 (12.9–15.5) 89.0 (87.6–90.1)
Marital status
 Currently married 97.1 (96.4–97.6) 71.5 (69.9–73.1) <0.001
 Others 2.9 (2.4–3.6) 28.5 (26.9–30.1)
Nutritional status (BMI)
 Normal (18.5–24.9) 62.0 (60.2–63.8) 52.9 (51.1–54.7) <0.001
 Thin (<18.5) 28.8 (27.1–30.6) 29.4 (27.6–31.2)
 Overweight/obese (25.0/+) 9.2 (8.2–10.2) 17.7 (16.3–19.3)
Region of residence
 Dhaka (central) 32.1 (30.5–33.6) 32.2 (30.6–33.8) <0.01
 Chittagong (south-east) 15.8 (14.7–16.9) 18.1 (17.0–19.2)
 Sylhet (east) 5.6 (5.1–6.1) 5.9 (5.4–6.4)
 Barisal (south) 5.9 (5.4–6.4) 6.0 (5.5–6.6)
 Khulna (west) 13.3 (12.4–14.2) 12.8 (11.9–13.7)
 Rajshahi (mid-west) 14.8 (13.6–16.1) 14.1 (13.2–15.1)
 Rangpur (north-west) 12.6 (11.8–13.4) 11.0 (10.2–11.8)
Ever checked blood pressure (prior to the survey) 70.7 (68.7–72.7) 75.8 (73.8–77.6) <0.001
Informed by GP/nurse about having high BP 10.8 (9.7–12.0) 21.3 (19.7–22.9) <0.001
Antihypertensive medication use 7.1 (6.2–8.2) 14.3 (13.1–15.7) <0.001
  1. Except mean age, other estimates are prevalence with 95% confidence interval