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Table 3 Association between obesity status and hypertension

From: Obesity indices predict hypertension among indigenous adults in Krau Wildlife Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia

Variables Odds ratio [95% CI]  
Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d
Men
 BMI ≥30 kg/m2 5.81 [1.10, 30.71]* 4.13 [0.76, 22.62] 3.93 [0.71, 21.65] 5.29 [0.94, 29.73]
 WC ≥90 cm 2.96 [1.21, 7.27]* 2.79 [1.52, 5.14]** 2.45 [0.97, 6.14] 2.66 [1.05, 6.73]*
 WHtR ≥0.5 2.46 [1.36, 4.46]** 2.17 [1.18, 3.98]* 2.11 [1.14, 3.90]* 2.15 [1.16, 4.01]*
 WHR ≥0.9 2.18 [1.07, 7.23]* 1.59 [0.76, 3.36] 1.53 [0.72, 3.27] 1.59 [0.74, 3.42]
Women
 BMI ≥30 kg/m2 0.88 [0.34, 2.27] 1.35 [0.50, 3.64] 1.28 [0.47, 3.50] 0.99 [0.35, 2.82]
 WC ≥80 cm 2.12 [1.15, 3.93]* 1.06 [1.03, 4.07]*** 2.30 [1.20, 4.41]* 2.09 [1.07, 4.06]**
 WHtR ≥0.5 2.05 [1.10, 3.80]* 2.13 [1.11, 4.07]* 2.09 [1.09, 4.02]* 1.97 [1.02, 3.82]*
 WHR ≥0.85 2.62 [1.42, 4.85]** 1.06 [1.03, 1.08]*** 1.99 [1.04, 3.80]* 1.94 [1.01, 3.73]*
  1. aModel 1: unadjusted
  2. bModel 2: adjusted for age
  3. cModel 3: adjusted for age, smoking habit, and alcohol consumption
  4. dModel 4: adjusted for age, smoking habit, alcohol consumption, and ethnicity (sub-tribes)
  5. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001