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Table 4 Median out-of-pocket expenditure and expenditure on medicine by type of illness, provider, and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Out-of-pocket expenditure for seeking health care for sick children younger than 5 years of age in Bangladesh: findings from cross-sectional surveys, 2009 and 2012

  Total OPE1 Expenditure on medicine1
Indicator 20092 20122 20092 20122
Any illness 0.82 1.22 0.58 0.72
 Non-priority3 0.77 1.16 0.53 0.69
 Priority4 0.96 1.49 0.67 0.76
Health care provider
 Untrained 0.75 1.03 0.56 0.65
 Public trained5 1.21 2.31 0.82 1.10
 Private trained5 1.95 2.94 0.92 1.09
 Non-government organization 0.48 0.68 0.29 0.36
Mother’s education
 No education 0.77 1.17 0.58 0.67
 Primary incomplete (1–4 years) 0.77 1.17 0.55 0.73
 Primary complete (5 years) 0.78 1.18 0.57 0.72
 Secondary incomplete (6–9 years) 0.97 1.30 0.62 0.69
 Secondary complete or higher (10+ years) 1.06 1.45 0.71 0.93
Wealth
 Poorest 0.85 1.18 0.58 0.72
 Second 0.85 1.26 0.61 0.67
 Middle 0.77 1.22 0.51 0.70
 Fourth 0.78 1.22 0.58 0.76
 Highest 0.81 1.24 0.62 0.67
Location of household
 Plain land 0.77 1.14 0.58 0.67
 Hard-to-reach areas 0.85 1.29 0.59 0.76
Area
 Comparison 0.82 1.22 0.60 0.67
 Intervention 0.85 1.22 0.58 0.72
  1. 1Median expenditure is expressed in US dollars (USD) per child per visit
  2. 2Adjusted for inflation
  3. 3Non-priority illness: children who had a cough or cold, acute or chronic ear infection, diarrhea with no dehydration, anemia, or fever without malaria
  4. 4Priority illness: children who had pneumonia, diarrhea with dehydration, dysentery, malaria, or measles
  5. 5Trained provider working in public or private health care facilities