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Table 2 Care-seeking pathways and clinical characteristics of TB cases on treatment in districts of southwestern Ethiopia, January to December 2015

From: Pre- and post-diagnosis costs of tuberculosis to patients on Directly Observed Treatment Short course in districts of southwestern Ethiopia: a longitudinal study

Variable Baseline (n = 735) End line (n = 627) P value
n(%) n(%)
Action to illness before visiting HCF None 586(79.7) 497(79.3) 0.85
Took actiona 149(20.3) 130(20.7) 0.85
First visited HCF DOTS center 459(62.5) 387(61.7) 0.85
Non-DOTS 276 (37.5) 240(38.3) 0.76
Diagnosis made HCF Public 636(86.5) 537(85.6) 0.76
Private 99(13.5) 90(14.4) 0.70
Type of TB Pulmonary positive 373(50.7) 320(51.0)) 0.90
Pulmonary negative 213(29.0) 176(28.1) 0.70
Extra pulmonary 149(20.3) 131(20.9) 0.70
Mode of diagnosis Bacteriological 373(50.7) 319(50.9) 0.90
Clinical 362(49.3) 308(49.1) 0.90
Treatment center Health center 469(36.2) 408(65.1) 0.70
Hospital 266(63.8) 219(34.9) 0.70
Travel time to treatment center ≤ 1 h 437(59.5) 373(59.5) 1.00
> 1 h 298(40.5) 254(40.5) 1.00
Hospitalized for treatment Yes 19(2.6) 15(2.4) 0.40
HIV co-infection Yes 68(9.3) 46(7.3) 0.10
Patient delay Median (IQR) days 25((15–36) 23(14–34) 0.20
Provider delay Median (IQR) days 22(9–48) 20(8–48) 0.40
Total delay Median (IQR) days 55(32–100) 52(31–93) 0.50
  1. aSelf-treatment, consult traditional healer, used holy water