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Table 5 Association between selected socio-economic characteristics and raised LDL-cholesterol

From: Dietary habits and metabolic risk factors for non-communicable diseases in a university undergraduate population

  Normal LDL-C Raised Total χ2 p value
n (%) LDL-C n (%) n (%)
Sex
 Male 13 (27.1) 35 (72.9) 48 (100)   
 Female 12 (21.1) 45 (78.9) 57 (100) 0.521 0.31
Mother’s level of education
 No education 1 (100) 0 (0) 1 (100)   
 Informal education 6 (80.0) 1 (20.0) 7 (100)   
 Primary education 3 (33.0) 6 (67.0) 9 (100)   
 Secondary education 14 (78.0) 4 (22.0) 18 (100) 21.74 0.008*
 Some tertiary 56 (80.0) 14 (20.0) 70 (100)   
Parents’ methods of obtaining water
 Pipe-borne 77 (79.4) 20 (20.6)    
 Well 3 (42.9) 4 (57.1) 7 (100) 8.03 0.018*
 Stream 0 (0.0) 1 (100) 1 (100)   
Pocket money/income
 Not consistent 13 (81.3) 3 (18.8) 16 (100)   
 N1000–N5000 ($3–15) 7 (58.3) 5 (41.7) 12 (100)   
 N5001–N10000 ($15–31) 17 (77.3) 5 (22.7) 22 (100) 6.74 0.244
 N10001–N20000 (32–61) 32 (76.2) 10 (23.8) 42 (100)   
 Above N20000 (> $61) 11 (84.6) 2 (15.4) 13 (100)   
  1. *Fishers’ exact test