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Table 2 Economic and physical accessibility variables related to identifying and reaching health facility

From: Health facility or home delivery? Factors influencing the choice of delivery place among mothers living in rural communities of Eritrea

Variable Category n (%) p value (χ2 test)
Woman’s occupation House wife 268 (86.7) 0.001
Governmental worker 29 (9.4)
Merchant 5 (1.6)
Farmer 4 (1.3)
Daily worker 3 (1)
Husband’s occupation Governmental worker 186 (62.2) 0.010
Merchant 9 (3)
Farmer 74 (24.7)
Daily worker 7 (2.3)
Students 3 (1)
Other 18 (6)
Household wealth statusa Poor 123 (39.9) 0.041
Medium 165 (53.6)
Rich 20 (6.5)
Distance to health facility < 2 km 25 (8.1) 0.001
2–5 km 80 (25.9)
5–10 km 107 (34.6)
> 10 km 97 (31.4)
Means of transport to health facility On foot 211 (72.3) 0.001
Traditional transport (mule, horse, karieza) 12 (4.1)
Public transport 64 (21.9)
Ambulance 1 (0.3)
Private vehicle 4 (1.4)
Suitability of roads Suitable 210 (68) 0.301
Not suitable 99 (32)
  1. aHousehold wealth index is constructed using principal components analysis using financial indices (monthly income and expenditures) and asset indices (type of toilet, radio, TV, mobile telephone, fixed telephone, refrigerator, cattle, camels, horse, donkeys, or mules, goats, sheep, chicken, animal-drawn cart, bicycle, motorcycle, and car\truck)