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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of hypertensive elderly in Shandong, China, 2013

From: Rural–urban difference in blood pressure measurement frequency among elderly with hypertension: a cross-sectional study in Shandong, China

Characteristics Total (n = 2007) Rural (n = 1107) Urban (n = 900) χ 2 P
Age     20.159 < 0.001
 65–69 743(37.0) 417(37.7) 326(36.2)   
 70–74 590(29.4) 292(26.4) 298(33.1)   
 75–79 373(18.6) 202(18.2) 171(19.0)   
 ≥ 80 301(15.0) 196(17.7) 105(11.7)   
Gender     15.138 < 0.001
 Male 850(42.4) 426(38.5) 424(47.1)   
 Female 1157(57.6) 681(61.5) 476(52.9)   
Marital status     30.595 < 0.001
 Single 546(27.2) 356(32.3) 710(78.9)   
 Married 1461(72.8) 751(67.8) 190(21.1)   
Education level     421.712 < 0.001
 No formal education 702(35.0) 561(50.7) 141(15.7)   
 Primary education 656(32.7) 386(34.9) 270(30.0)   
 Secondary or above 649(32.3) 160(14.5) 489(54.3)   
Employment     319.858 < 0.001
 Employed 379(18.9) 365(33.0) 14(1.6)   
 Unemployed 1628(81.1) 742(67.0) 886(98.4)   
Personal income     749.689 < 0.001
 0~2500 434(21.6) 408(36.9) 26(2.9)   
 2500~5000 353(17.6) 292(26.4) 61(6.8)   
 5000~10,000 456(22.7) 245(22.1) 211(23.4)   
 10,000~20,000 457(22.8) 127(11.5) 330(36.7)   
 ≥ 20,000 307(15.3) 35(3.2) 272(30.2)   
Self-rated health     10.715 0.005
 Bad 708(35.3) 420(37.9) 288(32.0)   
 Moderate 905(45.1) 493(44.5) 412(45.8)   
 Good 394(19.6) 194(17.5) 200(22.2)   
Medication frequency     47.338 < 0.001
 On time 1587(79.1) 813(73.4) 774(86.0)   
 Occasional 321(16.0) 224(20.2) 97(10.8)   
 Never 99(4.9) 70(6.3) 29(3.2)   
Blood pressure level currently     46.105 < 0.001
 Abnormal/unsure 833(41.5) 534(48.3) 299(33.2)   
 Normal 1174(58.5) 573(51.8) 601(66.8)   
Accepting health care professionals’ guidance     12.118 < 0.001
 Yes 1386(69.1) 800(72.3) 586(65.1)   
 No 620(30.9) 306(27.7) 314(34.9)   
Measurement frequency     173.933 < 0.001
 Weekly 955(47.6%) 380(34.3%) 575(63.9%)   
 More than a week 1052(52.42%) 727(65.7%) 325(36.1%)   
  1. Note: The italic entries mean that these results were statistically significant (P<0.05)