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Table 1 Basic demographic and clinical characteristics of older persons and their knowledge score according to vaccination status (N = 354)

From: Flu vaccination among older persons: study of knowledge and practices

Variable Influenza immunization status Test value p
Ever vaccinated (%) Never vaccinated (%)
Gender
 Male 78 (46.1) 79 (42.7) 0.426* 0.513
 Female 91 (53.9) 106 (57.3)   
Age 74.2 ± 5.9 73.3 ± 5.3 − 1.313 0.189
Marital status
 Married 97 (57.1) 93 (50.5) 1.260* 0.060
 Other (single, divorced, widowed) 73 (42.9) 91 (49.5)   
Place of residence
 Apartment 143 (84.6) 141 (76.2) 3.928 0.047
 House 26 (15.4) 44 (23.8)   
Additional members of the household 2.2 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.4 − 0.699 0.484
Years of schooling 13.4 ± 2.8 12.0 ± 3.2 − 3.913 0.001
Monthly income per household (Euros) 484 ± 330 440 ± 244 − 1.778 0.075
Chronic diseases indicative of flu immunization 1.3 ± 0.7 1.2 ± 0.7 − 0.455 0.649
Prescribed medication intake per day 3.4 ± 2.1 2.8 ± 1.8 − 2.609 0.009
Knowledge score 12.8 ± 2.1 11.5 ± 2.6 − 4.999 0.001
  1. *Chi-square (χ2 value), all others denote Mann-Whitney U test (Z value)