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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of pregnant mothers’ key food diversity groups and maternal anemia, rural Ethiopia (n = 374)

From: Dietary diversity cutoff values predicting anemia varied between mid and term of pregnancy: a prospective cohort study

Food groups (categories) consumedn (%)Maternal anemia at term
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Animal source foods (ASF)a
Yes141 (37.7)11
No233 (62.3)3.25 (1.96, 5.38)*2.36 (1.35, 4.14)*
Meat and meat products
Yes32 (8.6)11
No242 (91.4)16.75 (2.26, 124.27)*7.70 (0.97, 61.03)
Vegetables
Yes212 (56.7)11
No162 (43.3)1.60 (1.04, 2.48)*0.74 (0.38, 1.40)
Fruits
Yes83 (22.2)11
No291 (77.8)2.87 (1.54, 5.34)*1.97 (0.99, 4.13)
Legumes and nuts
Yes333 (89.5)11
No39 (10.5)1.91 (0.98, 3.74)1.32 (0.56, 3.11)
Dietary diversityb
Adequate (WIDD ≥ 4)*
Inadequate (WIDD < 4)
186 (49.7)
188 (50.3)
1
3.18 (2.01, 5.03)*
1
2.22 (1.09, 4.52)*
  1. Adjusted for maternal educational status and hemoglobin level
  2. aIncluding all foods of animal origin (meat and meat products, eggs, and dairy)
  3. bOut of the original WIDD score classification, based on nine food groups
  4. *This is out of nine food groups
  5. COR, crude odds ratio; AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; ASF, animal source foods
  6. Italics the significance level or P <0.05