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Table 2 Association between the sociodemographic characteristics and diagnosed hypertension among respondents

From: Knowledge, attitude and behaviour on salt intake and its association with hypertension in the Malaysian population: findings from MyCoSS (Malaysian Community Salt Survey)

Socio-demographic characteristics Diagnosed hypertension
No Yes p value
Prevalence %
(CI 95%)
Prevalence %
(CI 95%)
Overall 38.6% (32.41, 45.17) 61.4% (54.83, 67.59)  
Gender
 Male 42.0% (31.77, 52.96) 58.0% (47.04, 68.23) 0.400
 Female 35.5% (26.83, 45.21) 64.5% (54.79, 73.17)  
Age group (year)
 <35 65.3% (27.59, 90.32) 34.7% (9.68, 72.41) 0.671
 35–44 48.1% (26.63, 70.33) 51.9% (29.67, 73.37)  
 45–54 33.8% (20.21, 50.73) 66.2% (49.27, 79.79)  
 55–64 38.6% (27.62, 50.80) 61.4% (49.20, 72.38)  
 > 64 37.7% (26.57, 50.24) 62.3% (49.76, 73.43)  
Ethnicity
 Malay 39.1% (31.45, 47.27) 60.9% (52.73, 68.55) 0.593
 Chinese 48.1% (25.36, 71.66) 51.9% (28.34, 74.64)  
 Indians 30.0% (10.78, 60.37) 70.0% (39.63, 89.22)  
 Other/Bumiputera 32.0% (24.26, 40.89) 68.0% (59.11, 75.74)  
Marital status
 Never married 70.0% (28.27, 93.22) 30.0% (6.78, 71.73) 0.213
 Married 39.5% (32.39, 47.00) 60.5% (53.00, 67.61)  
 Separated/widower 31.2% (19.54, 45.84) 68.8% (54.16, 80.46)  
Education level
 None 48.1% (28.41, 68.46) 51.9% (31.54, 71.59) 0.305
 Primary 33.6% (24.04, 44.62) 66.5% (55.38, 75.96)  
 Secondary 35.9% (26.04, 47.06) 64.1% (52.94, 73.96)  
 Higher 50.6% (32.89, 68.10) 49.4% (31.90, 67.11)  
Occupation
 Public sector 23.8% (8.20, 52.23) 76.2% (47.77, 91.80) 0.813
 Private sector 39.2% (22.91, 58.32) 60.8% (41.68, 77.09)  
 Self-employed 40.0% (25.62, 56.42) 60.0% (43.58, 74.38)  
 Housewife 38.5% (27.08, 51.41) 61.5% (48.59, 72.92)  
 Unemployed 40.0% (23.79, 58,78) 60.0% (41.22, 76.21)  
 Student/others 46.4% (23.66, 70.79) 53.6% (29.21, 76.34)  
Household Income (RM)
 <1000 30.7% (21.04, 42.37) 69.3% (57.63, 78.96) 0.062
 1000–1999 36.0% (23.97, 50.15) 64.0% (49.85, 76.03)  
 2000–2999 55.8% (36.46, 73.53) 44.2% (26.47, 63.54)  
 3000–3999 50.9% (31.67, 69.88) 49.1% (30.12, 68.33)  
 > 3999 30.9% (19.76, 44.72) 29.9% (23.01, 37.73)  
Knowledge, attitude and behaviour question
 Do you think that a high salt diet could cause a serious health problem    
  No/do not know 17.0% (7.02, 35.81) 83.0% (64.19, 92.99) 0.012
  Yes 41.2% (34.60, 48.04) 58.8% (51.96, 65.40)  
 What sort of problem (hypertension)    
  No 38.0% (32.26, 44.06) 62.0% (55.94, 67.74) 0.781
  Yes 40.3% (25.62, 56.96) 59.7% (43.04, 74.38)  
 How important to you is lowering the salt/sodium in your diet?    
  Not important 39.1% (31.36, 47.50) 60.9% (52.50, 68.64) 0.958
  Very important 38.8% (28.94, 49.61) 61.2% (50.39, 71.06)  
 Do you do anything on a regular basis to control your salt or sodium intake?    
  No/do not know 29.9% (20.81, 40.89) 70.1% (59.11, 79.19) 0.025
  Yes 46.7% (37.97, 55.67) 53.3% (44.33, 62.03)