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Table 3 Factors associated with caregivers’ knowledge and attitudes on childhood diarrhea in refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Caregivers’ knowledge and attitudes about childhood diarrhea among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Variables Knowledge Attitude
Poor Adequate COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p value Unfavorable Favorable COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) p value
Sex
 Male 32 (46.4) 37 (53.6) 1 1   17 (24.6) 52 (75.4) 1   
 Female 601 (37.6) 997 (62.4) 1.4 (0.9–2.3) 1.2 (0.5–3.5) 0.67 376 (23.5) 1222 (76.5) 1.1 (0.6–1.9) 1.4 (0.4–4.2) 0.59
Age
 ≤ 24 192 (38.8) 303 (61.2) 1 1   118 (23.8) 377 (76.2) 1 1  
 25–34 343 (38.8) 570 (61.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.86 (0.5–1.4) 0.51 207 (23.4) 676 (76.6) 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.8
 ≥ 35 98 (33.9) 191 (66.1) 1.2 (0.9–1.7) 1.8 (0.9–3.6) 0.08 68 (23.5) 221 (76.5) 0.98 (0.7–1.4) 0.7 (0.3–1.3) 0.27
Household size
 < 5 174 (38.9) 273 (61.1) 1 1   103 (23.1) 344 (76.9) 1 1  
 ≥ 5 459 (37.6) 761 (62.4) 1.1 (0.8–1.3) 1.5 (0.9–2.3) 0.082 290 (23.8) 930 (76.2) 0.96 (0.7–1.2) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 0.72
Marital status
 Divorced 34 (44.2) 43 (55.2) 1 1   20 (26.0) 57 (74.0) 1 1  
 Single 16 (34.0) 31 (66.0)   1.5 (0.7–3.3) 0.35 16 (34.0) 31 (66.0) 0.7 (0.3–1.5) 0.9 (0.2–4.4) 0.93
 Married 543 (37.6) 901 (62.4)   1.3 (0.8–2.1) 0.29 332 (23.0) 1112 (77.0) 1.2 (0.7–2.0) 1.8 (0.7–1.6) 0.39
 Widowed 40 (40.4) 59(59.6)   1.2 (0.6–2.1) 0.85 25 (25.3) 74 (24.7) 1.0 (0.5–2.1) 1.1 (0.3–3.8) 0.85
Educational level
 No formal education 339 (40.6) 495 (59.4) 1 1   198 (23.7) 636 (76.3) 1   
 Formal education 294 (35.3) 539 (64.7) 1.3 (1.0–1.5) 1.3 (1.03–1.5) 0.022* 195 (23.2) 638 (76.6) 1.(0.8–1.3) 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 0.42
Usual sources of health information
 Health institutions 231 (33.0) 469 (67.0) 1.8 (1.3–2.3) 1.8 (1.3–2.3) 0.000* 152 (21.7) 548 (78.3) 1.4 (1.0–2.0) 1.2 (0.7–2.2) 0.53
 Community health workers 225 (40.0) 338 (60.0) 1.3 (0.98–1.7) 1.3 (0.98–1.7) 0.068 131 (23.3) 432 (76.7) 1.3 (0.9–1.8) 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 0.25
 Schools 21 (37.5) 35 (62.5) 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 1.5 (0.8–2.7) 0.185 13 (23.2) 43 (76.8) 1.3 (0.8–2.6)
 Mass media (radio and television) 22 (36.7) 38 (63.3) 1.5 (0.8–2.7) 1.5 (0.8–2.7) 0.167 15 (25.0) 45 (75.0) 1.2 (0.6–2.3) 4.2 (0.9–19.9) 0.069
 No source accessed 134 (46.5) 154 (53.5) 1 1   82 (28.5) 206 (71.5) 1 1  
Did you attend health education during the last 3 months
 Yes 167 (35.8) 300 (64.2) 1.1 (0.9–1.4) 1.3 (0.3–6.0) 0.76 112 (24.0) 355 (76.0) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 1.2 (0.2–6.5) 0.86
 No or not remember 466 (38.8) 734 (61.2) 1    281 (23.4) 919 (76.6) 1   
Health education topic attended last
 HIV and other STDs 52 (41.3) 74 (58.7) 1    26 (20.6) 100 (79.4) 1.4 (0.8–2.7) 1.5 (0.8–2.9) 0.22
 Vaccination 40 (34.8) 75 (65.2) 1.3 (0.8–2.2) 1.4 (0.8–2.4) 0.21 29 (25.2) 86 (74.8) 1.1 (0.6–2.1) 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 0.82
 Child feeding 35 (35.0) 57 (62.0) 1.1 (0.7–2.0) 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.53 25 (27.2) 67 (72.8) 1 1  
 Diarrhea 26 (33.3) 52 (66.7) 1.4 (0.8–2.5) 1.5 (0.8–2.8) 0.16 20 (25.6) 58 (74.4) 1.1 (0.5–2.1) 1.3 (0.5–2.1) 0.92
 WASH 13 (30.2) 30 (69.8) 1.6 (0.8–3.4) 1.8 (0.8–3.9) 0.13 10 (23.3) 33 (76.3) 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 1.2 (0.5–2.7) 0.75
 Others 3 (17.7) 14 (82.3) 3.3 (0.9–12.0) 3.3 (0.9–12.5) 0.074 4 (23.5) 13 (76.5) 1.2 (0.4–4.1) 0.99 (0.3–3.4) 0.99
Caregivers’ knowledge
 Poor       193 (30.5) 440 (69.5)   1  
 Adequate       200 (19.3) 834 (80.7) 1.8 (1.4–2.3) 2.5 (1.6–3.8) 0.00*
  1. *The variable was significantly associated with caregivers’ knowledge or attitude about childhood diarrhea