Moore B. Appropriate technology for birth. Lancet. 1985;326(8458):787.
Dumont A, De Bernis L, Bouvier-olle M-H, Bréart G, Group MS. Caesarean section rate for maternal indication in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Lancet. 2001;358(9290):1328–33.
Betrán AP, Ye J, Moller A-B, Zhang J, Gülmezoglu AM, Torloni MR. The increasing trend in caesarean section rates: global, regional and national estimates: 1990–2014. PLoS One. 2016;11(2): e0148343.
Lumbiganon P, Laopaiboon M, Gülmezoglu AM, Souza JP, Taneepanichskul S, Ruyan P, et al. Method of delivery and pregnancy outcomes in Asia: the WHO global survey on maternal and perinatal health 2007–08. The Lancet. 2010;375(9713):490–9.
Linton A, Peterson MR, Williams TV. Effects of maternal characteristics on cesarean delivery rates among US department of defense healthcare beneficiaries, 1996–2002. Birth. 2004;31(1):3–11.
Mi J, Liu F. Rate of caesarean section is alarming in China. The Lancet. 2014;383(9927):1463–4.
Khan MN, Islam MM, Shariff AA, Alam MM, Rahman MM. Socio-demographic predictors and average annual rates of caesarean section in Bangladesh between 2004 and 2014. PLoS One. 2017;12(5): e0177579.
Lin H-C, Xirasagar S. Institutional factors in cesarean delivery rates: policy and research implications. Obstet Gynecol. 2004;103(1):128–36.
Barber EL, Lundsberg L, Belanger K, Pettker CM, Funai EF, Illuzzi JL. Contributing indications to the rising cesarean delivery rate. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118(1):29.
Johnson C, Choubey V, Satin A, Werner E. Malpractice and obstetric practice: the correlation of malpractice premiums to rates of vaginal and cesarean delivery. Obstet Anesth Dig. 2017;37(1):11–2.
Campbell OM, Graham WJ, Group LMSSs. Strategies for reducing maternal mortality: getting on with what works. Lancet. 2006;368(9543):1284–99.
Keag OE, Norman JE, Stock SJ. Long-term risks and benefits associated with cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2018;15(1): e1002494.
Excellence NIfHaC. Caesarean Section (NICE Clinical Guideline 132). Available at: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/CG132 [Accessed 22 March 2018]: 2011.
Grivell RM, Dodd JM. Short-and long-term outcomes after cesarean section. Expert Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;6(2):205–15.
Smith GC, Wood AM, Pell JP, Dobbie R. First cesarean birth and subsequent fertility. Fertil Steril. 2006;85(1):90–5.
Mollison J, Porter M, Campbell D, Bhattacharya S. Primary mode of delivery and subsequent pregnancy. BJOG Int J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005;112(8):1061–5.
Bowman ZS, Smith KR, Silver RM. Cesarean delivery and risk for subsequent ectopic pregnancy. Am J Perinatol. 2015;32(09):815–20.
Jackson S, Fleege L, Fridman M, Gregory K, Zelop C, Olsen J. Morbidity following primary cesarean delivery in the Danish National Birth Cohort. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012;206(2):139.
Gray R, Quigley M, Hockley C, Kurinczuk J, Goldacre M, Brocklehurst P. Caesarean delivery and risk of stillbirth in subsequent pregnancy: a retrospective cohort study in an English population. BJOG Int J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;114(3):264–70.
Kennare R, Tucker G, Heard A, Chan A. Risks of adverse outcomes in the next birth after a first cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109(2):270–6.
Yang Q, Wen S, Oppenheimer L, Chen X, Black D, Gao J, et al. Association of caesarean delivery for first birth with placenta praevia and placental abruption in second pregnancy. BJOG Int J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;114(5):609–13.
Taylor LK, Simpson JM, Roberts CL, Olive EC, Henderson-Smart DJ. Risk of complications in a second pregnancy following caesarean section in the first pregnancy: a population-based study. Med J Aust. 2005;183(10):515–9.
Kadam P, Bhalerao S. Sample size calculation. Int J Ayurveda Res. 2010;1(1):55.
Khan MN, Rahman MM, Shariff AA, Rahman MM, Rahman MS, Rahman MA. Maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight and risk of birth and health outcomes. Arch Public Health. 2017;75(1):12.
Temmerman M. Caesarean section surgical techniques: all equally safe. Lancet. 2016;388(10039):8–9.
Roberts CL, Nippita TA. International caesarean section rates: the rising tide. Lancet Glob Health. 2015;3(5):e241–2.
Rezaee-Zavareh MS, Salamati P, Alavian SM. Caesarean section in Iran. Lancet. 2016;387:28–9.
Liu S, Liston RM, Joseph K, Heaman M, Sauve R, Kramer MS. Maternal mortality and severe morbidity associated with low-risk planned cesarean delivery versus planned vaginal delivery at term. Can Med Assoc J. 2007;176(4):455–60.
Lagercrantz H. The good stress of being born. Acta Paediatr. 2016;105(12):1413–6.
Hwang J, Ho S, Wang J, Liu H. Post dural puncture headache in cesarean section: comparison of 25-gauge Whitacre with 25-and 26-gauge Quincke needles. Acta Anaesthesio Logica Sinica. 1997;35(1):33–7.
Laviola S, Kirvela M, Spoto M-R, Tschuor S, Alon E. Pneumocephalus with intense headache and unilateral pupillary dilatation after accidental dural puncture during epidural anesthesia for cesarean section. Anesth Analg. 1999;88(3):582–3.
Niklasson B, Georgsson Öhman S, Segerdahl M, Blanck A. Risk factors for persistent pain and its influence on maternal wellbeing after cesarean section. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2015;94(6):622–8.
Kealy MA, Small RE, Liamputtong P. Recovery after caesarean birth: a qualitative study of women’s accounts in Victoria, Australia. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010;10(1):47.
Khan R, Blum LS, Sultana M, Bilkis S, Koblinsky M. An examination of women experiencing obstetric complications requiring emergency care: perceptions and sociocultural consequences of caesarean sections in Bangladesh. J Health Popul Nutr. 2012;30(2):159.
Hobbs AJ, Mannion CA, McDonald SW, Brockway M, Tough SC. The impact of caesarean section on breastfeeding initiation, duration and difficulties in the first four months postpartum. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2016;16(1):90.
Regan J, Thompson A, DeFranco E. The influence of mode of delivery on breastfeeding initiation in women with a prior cesarean delivery: a population-based study. Breastfeed Med. 2013;8(2):181–6.
Ahmadi M, Moosavi SM, Mousavi SJ, Ghasemi Y. Cessation of exclusive breastfeeding in cesarean section mothers: need more attention. Am J Med Med Sci. 2015;5(2):82–6.
Liu X, Zhang J, Liu Y, Li Y, Li Z. The association between cesarean delivery on maternal request and method of newborn feeding in China. PLoS One. 2012;7(5): e37336.
Zanardo V, Pigozzo A, Wainer G, Marchesoni D, Gasparoni A, Di Fabio S, et al. Early lactation failure and formula adoption after elective caesarean delivery: cohort study. Arch Dis Childhood-Fetal Neonatal. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2011-301218.
Khan MN, Islam MM. Effect of exclusive breastfeeding on selected adverse health and nutritional outcomes: a nationally representative study. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):889.